The increasing and widespread violence impacting children and adolescents.

Reports of infanticide, cruel and humiliating punishment, neglect and abandonment, sexual abuse and other forms of violence against children have been happening in various civilizations. I am sure the Caribbean is not exempt even though more research needs to be undertaken  in specific countries. Funding for research is sometimes limited, but we need to start engaging in this aspect now in view of increasingly worsening conditions in many parts of the world. Our news media, the Daily Gleaner, the television stations and other media is rife with with many horror stories or reports. Also, more recent documentation of the magnitude and impact of violence against children shows that this is a very great number of serious global problems in this regard. They  occur in every country in the world in a variety of forms and settings and is said to be deeply rooted in cultural, economic and social practices. Much of violence occurs within their homes and schools.

In many countries children in schools suffer the reality or threat of  State-authorized, legalized beating. In at least many countries sentences of whipping or caning are still being imposed on children in penal systems,and in many more States violent punishments are authorized in penal and care institutions. Certain types of violence against children are common in many settings. Corporal punishment and other forms of cruel or humiliating punishment are used by parents and other family members at home, by those responsible for their care in institutions, by teachers in schools, and are also inflicted on children in conflict with the law. In workplaces where children below the minimum legal age for employment are found, employers often enjoy impunity in inflicting corporal punishment on children for inadequate performance. In the community, a child who is labelled vagrant or anti-social may be assaulted or otherwise ill-treated, with impunity, by figures in authority, including police. Children forced into prostitution frequently describe their violent treatment by clients as if
it were something they deserved. Sexual abuse, physical and psychological violence, and sexual harassment are forms of violence which occur in all settings. In most societies, sexual abuse of girls and boys is most common within the home or is committed by a person known to the family. But sexual violence
also occurs in schools and other educational settings.

Corporal punishment and other forms of cruel or degrading punishment are used by parents and other family members at home, by those responsible for their care in institutions, by teachers in schools, and are also inflicted on children in conflict with the law. In workplaces where children below the minimum legal age for employment are found,employers often enjoy impunity in inflicting corporal punishment on children for inadequate performance. In the community, a child who is labelled vagrant or anti-social may be assaulted or otherwise ill-treated, with impunity, by figures in authority, including police.
Children forced into prostitution frequently describe their violent treatment by clients as if it were something they deserved.
Sexual abuse, physical and psychological violence, and sexual harassment are forms of violence which occur in all settings. In most societies,
sexual abuse of girls and boys is most common within the home or is committed by a person known to the family. But sexual violence also occurs in schools and other educational settings, by both peers and teachers. It is rife against children in closed workplaces, such as domestic labourers employed in private households. It also takes place in institutions and in the community, at the hands people known to the victim and others. Girls suffer considerably more sexual
violence than boys, and their greater vulnerability to violence in many settings is in large part a product of the influence of gender-based power relations within society. At the same time, boys are more likely to be the victims of homicide, and particularly of violence involving weapons. (With amendments from: (https://www.unicef.org/lac/full_tex (3).pdf. Date of accession: March 8,2017.)

How much the all the foregoing abuse which is happening in the Caribbean is yet to be described but with the rising number of incidents in this part of the world, this study found on the internet highlights much of the harm that is happening throughout the world. It is time to Caribbean nations look into the more recent assaults occurring among children and adolescents to stave off more perils.

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